The Saragossa Story

The Twin Thorns Story


Twin Thorns is an old productive farm, which was the residence for several families over the years. The current farmstead was built in thee the early 1950s for the du Toit family by the builder Brits. He also build several other farmhouses in Elands Valley. In the old days, tobacco and citrus were farmed on the property as well as some livestock and fruits. 1962 Twin Thorns was bought by the Fitzgerald family. Fitzgeralds owned the farm next door for many years and did cattle and vegetable

farming. It was their family residence for m50 years until 2012 when Bob Fitzgerald died. In 2012 Jens Demmler bought the farm and attached it to the new Saragossa Game Reserve. He came to Elands Valley in 2008 and established Thandimvelo Farm and took over Saragossa as well as the

old Harlow Farm next door. The Reserve expanded to nearly 2000 ha and hosts beautiful mountains, river frontage and pictures dams. Nature Conservancy and the reintroduction of indigenous species is the main the priority at Saragossa Game Reserve


Elands Valley

The Saragossa Story is part of the history of the Elands Valley.
Elands Valley stretches lavishly along the Elands River and follows it from the area west of Waterval Boven to Elandshoek further north where it joins the Crocodile River, and to Kaapsehoop in the east. The Valley separates the Highveld, with its towering escarpment, from the bushlands and savannah of the subtropical Lowveld. Citrus fruits and other crops flourish in this fertile region. Gold and lime have also been found and mined. The landscape is a beautiful mixture between mountains and hills, forests along the river and savannah – an irreplaceable area with the highest biodiversity status.



Elands River is an important perennial water source for the Valley, the Lowveld and the southern part of Kruger National Park. Its beauty is reflected in the remarkable waterfall in Waterval Boven.



In days gone by the Valley is believed to have been inhabited and farmed by Khoikhoi and, later, the Basuto. By the time the first Europeans arrived, those early inhabitants had been driven away by the Swazi, who subsequently settled here. Nineteenth-century records tell of encounters between the Swazi and the occasional game hunter, or pioneers passing through in an era when travel was only possible on foot, horseback or by ox-wagon.


Things changed dramatically in the 1890s, when the Netherlands-South African Railway Company (ZASM) built a railway to connect landlocked Pretoria to Delagoa Bay (today’s Maputo Bay) in Mozambique. The advent of the railway boosted trade in the Valley.
In 1895 the railway between Waterval Onder and Waterval Boven became known for its four kilometres of rack railroad that climbed up the escarpment and for the famous ZASM tunnel that had been blown into the rocks for this purpose. This narrow-gauge sideline – a remarkable piece of engineering – was one of few racktracks in the world.

In 1920, upon completion of a new train line along the waterfall, the tunnel became the first road leading directly into the Valley, which had previously been accessible only on foot or by train. It was only in 1972 that an adjacent tunnel and the N4 national highway were built to link Johannesburg with Nelspruit and Maputo.

The Valley’s most famous inhabitant was Paul Kruger, the last president of the South African Republic (Transvaal), who spent several months here in 1900. Forced to flee from Pretoria at the height of the Anglo-Boer War, he took up residence at the Krugerhof, near Waterval Onder, while his government was based at Machadodorp. Word has it, that president Kruger preferred the warmth of Waterval Onder to the cold of the Highveld. As a result, his ministers had to shuttle back and forth to manage the affairs of state. Kruger later fled to Europe, via Mozambique, and remained there for the rest of his life. He died in Switzerland in 1904. Though initially buried in Europe, he was finally laid to rest in Pretoria.


Elands Valley

Other noteworthy places in the Valley – to name just two – are the old goldmining village Kaapsehoop (or Kaapsche Hoop), which is also known for its wild horses and the rare blue swallow, and the Sappi Pulp Mill, the largest of its kind in the southern hemisphere and a giant in the paper trade.

Nowadays, with agriculture no longer profitable, only a few commercial farms have remained in the Valley. It is home to retirees who enjoy nature and country living.

Davies-Webb, Paddy (2009): Memories of the Lowveld’s Elands Valley, 1854-1983, Recollections of a lifetime in the Valley and its surrounds. ISBN 978-0-620-44799-7